Toward a European Society: Single Market, Binational Marriages, and Social Group Formation in Europe (EUMARR)

In the project we examine trends since 1970 in the proportions of binational marriages between citizens of European Union countries and Switzerland with special attention to the nationalities of those entering these marriages. The goal of the demographic analysis is to assess to what extent the European single market and the agreement on free movement of persons has contributed to an increase in binational marriages. In addition, we analyse to what extent changes in the proportion of binational marriages and the distribution of these marriages by nationality are driven by market processes (e.g. greater intra-European migration) and by social and cultural processes (e.g. affinity between citizens of specific nationalities). And, to what extent being part of a binational marriage is associated with different orientations to European integration, a lowered sense of membership in the national community of origin, a stronger sense of belonging to Europe, and different lifestyles and worldviews.

The project is part of a collaborative European project focusing on binational marriages in four European countries. We follow a mixed-method approach combining demographic analysis of official data, a survey of migrants, and qualitative interviews with migrants selected among the survey participants. The demographic analyses are based on marriage records of the vital statistics from 1969 to 2009 as well as on data of the Swiss Census (1970, 1980, 1990, 2000).

Principle investigator: Prof. Dr. Jörg Rössel

Main researcher: Julia Schroedter

Research period: 3 years (01.09.2010-31.10.2013)

The EUMARR-project is funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) and the European Science Foundation (ESF) (project number 09-ERCP-044).



Datler, Georg; Rössel, Jörg; Schroedter, Julia H. (2021). What is Europe? The Meaning of Europe in Different Social Contexts in Switzerland. Swiss Political Science Review.

*Rössel, Jörg; Schroedter, Julia H. (2021). The Unequal Distribution of Linguistic Capital in a Transnational Economic Order. Frontiers in Sociology 6.

Schroedter, Julia H.; Rössel, Jörg; Chiapparini, Emanuela (2020). Love Across Borders: On Population Structures, Meeting Places and Preferences in a Globalizing World. Journal of Comparative Family Studies 51(1): 18-58. [Aufsatz]

Schroedter, Julia H., Jörg Rössel, Jörg and Georg Datler (2015). European Identity in Switzerland: The Role of Intermarriage, Transnational Social Relations and Experiences. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 662 (1): 148-168. [Aufsatz]

Schroedter, Julia H., Tom De Winter and Suzana Koelet (2015). Beyond l’Auberge Espagnole: The Effect of Individual Mobility on the Formation of Intra-European Couples. European Journal of Population 31 (2): 181-206 [Aufsatz]

Rössel, Jörg and Julia H. Schroedter (2015). Cosmopolitan Cultural Consumption. Preferences and Practices in an Heterogenous, Urban Population in Switzerland. Poetics 50: 80-95. [First published online: 26 MAR 2015] [Aufsatz]

Schroedter, Julia H. and Jörg Rössel (2014). Europeanisation without the European Union? The Case of Bi-National Marriages in Switzerland. Population, Space and Place 20 (2): 139-156. [First published online: 21 MAR 2013] [Aufsatz]

Koelet, Suzana, Julia H. Schroedter, Clara Cortina, Helga A.G. de Valk and Cathelijne de Busser (2012). Bi-national Marriages between European Citizens: From Intermarriage to Intramarriage? S. 123-162 in: Doo-Sub Kim (ed.), Cross-Border Marriage: Global Trends and Diversity. Seoul: KIHASA.


"Transnational Spaces and Linguistic Capital."(Jörg Rössel and Julia H. Schroedter). Session: Migration, Language Integration and Inequalities. 15.-21.08.18. XIX ISA World Congress of Sociology, Toronto, Canada.

"Do transnational social ties lead to higher European identification and solidarity? Insights from European binational couples in Belgium, the Netherlands and Switzerland" (Julia H. Schroedter and Christof van Mol), 12.-13.11.2015. International Conference on Intermarriage and Mixedness, University Paris Sorbonne, Paris, France.

"The promise of European Union citizenship." (Jörg Rössel and Julia H. Schroedter). 08.-10.07.2015. 22nd International Conference of Europeanists “Contradictions: Envisioning European Futures”, Panel "Immigrants as Political Actors: Avenues to Migrant Political Agency". Paris, France.

"Promoting a European identity? Intermarriage between Europeans – Findings from Switzerland." 27.-29.09.2014. IMISCOE 11th Annual Conference, Session "Intermarriage, Mixedness, Integration and Social Cohesion Revisited: International Experiences and Cross-disciplinary Approaches", Madrid, Spain.

"What Is Europe? Meanings of Europe in Different Social Contexts." (Georg Datler, Jörg Rössel and Julia H. Schroedter), 14.-16.03.2014. 21st International Conference of Europeanists “Resurrections”, Panel "Thinking beyond the Euro-Crisis III: European Political Union", Washington, D.C.

"Intermarriage between Europeans: Networks and Identifications." (Julia H. Schroedter and Emanuela Chiapparini), 28.-31.08.2013. 11th European Sociological Association (ESA) Conference "Crisis, Critique and Change", Session "European Identities" (Biographical Perspectives on European Societies), Turin, Italy.

"Intermarriage: Population Structures and Meeting Places." (Julia H. Schroedter, Jörg Rössel and Emanuela Chiapparini), 15.-19.07.2013, 5th Conference of the European Survey Research Association (ESRA), Session "Mixed Methods in Migration Research: Challenges, Innovations and Applications", Ljubljana, Slovenia.

"Die intergenerationale Reproduktion transnationalen kulturellen Kapitals." (Julia H. Schroedter und Jörg Rössel), 9.-10.11.2012, Tagung der Sektion "Soziale Ungleichheit und Sozialstrukturanalyse" in der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Soziologie und des DFG-Projekts "Transnationales Humankapital und soziale Ungleichheit", Freie Universität Berlin.

"Defining and Exploring «Euromarriages» in Belgium, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland" (Julia H. Schroedter, Clara Cortina, Helga A.G. de Valk, Karen Haandrikman and Suzana Koelet; Julia H. Schroedter as presenter), 26.-29.09.2012, "Families in a changing Europe", 6th ESFR (European Society of Family Relations) Congress 2012, Lillehammer, Norway.

"Language and Nationality as Barriers to Marriage. Marriage and Intermarriage in Switzerland" (Jörg Rössel and Julia H. Schroedter), 22.05.2012, Colloquium Quantitative Sociology, ETH Zurich, Switzerland.

"Bi-national marriages between European citizens: from intermarriage to intramarriage?" (Clara Cortina, Cathelijne de Busser, Helga A.G. de Valk, Suzana Koelet and Julia H. Schroedter; Suzana Koelet as presenter), 20.-21.10.2011, IUSSP Seminar on Global Perspectives on Marriage and International Migration, Seoul, South Korea.

"Switzerland - A County of Ethnic Diversity and Mixture" (Jörg Rössel and Julia H. Schroedter), 20.-22.06.2011, Panel "Toward a European Society: Single Market, Binational Marriages, and Social Group Formation in Europe". 18th International Conference of Europeanists, Barcelona, Spain.


Julia H. Schroedter and Jörg Rössel (2013): Codebook of the EUMARR Survey: Switzerland. (PDF, 2 MB)

Julia H. Schroedter and Jörg Rössel (2013): Summary of the Swiss EUMARR Survey - Information for Participants. (PDF, 877 KB)